gzip 压缩.gz -d参数解压缩. -1-9为压缩强度级别 默认级别为6 -f 强制覆盖
bzip2 压缩.bz2 -d参数解压缩 -f 强制覆盖
zip -r 压缩带目录的
tar c 打包 x解包  -u查看压缩包内容; cvf 为打包 z为gzip的压缩格式





./configure –prefix=/xx/xx/xx

prefix 参数为指定软件安装的目录  目录一般为 /usr/local/src

然后make 编译二进制   可以用echo $? 检查是否有问题,如返回值为0则正常

然后make install







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